Using de facto and de jure regime classifications, we test the empirical relevance of these approaches separately and jointly. On one side local government efficiency would increase with the level of development of the country as higher income citizens pay greater taxes and have more requirements on local services and facilities Ibrahim and Karim, 2004;Afonso and Fernandes, 2008;Boetti et al. We assess local governments' vulnerability to the fiscal consequences of these demographic transformations using a sample of 1021 German municipalities by determining the elasticity of local government cost functions to municipalities' demographic characteristics. Using household-level expenditure data, it also finds that most of these measures would be progressive, especially if they allow the government to avoid cuts in pro-poor spending. These problems have been addressed in numerous different ways in the literature. Kalb, Alexander, Geys, Benny, Heinemann, Friedrich.
Author Biographies Ivo Bischoff is a professor for public economics at the University of Kassel, Germany. In this volume, several authors consider various aspects and contexts of performance measurement. Baskaran, Tushyanthan, Brender, Adi, Blesse, Sebastian, Reingewertz, Yaniv. After a short introduction chapter one , the second chapter presents international trends with regard to private expenditures for education. The results of our analysis show that controlling for numerous characteristics of the counties the disposable income of the counties' citizens, intergovernmental grants for county roads , and the payments to the counties influence efficiency negatively.
We find that a higher degree of redistribution within a system of fiscal equalisation or an increase in the amount of grants received by a local jurisdiction leads to an extension of organisational slack or X-inefficiency in that jurisdiction. He uncovers socio-economic, fiscal as well as political sources of inefficiencies. © Gabler Verlag Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden GmbH 2010. The existing empirical literature on the impact of vertical grants on local public-sector efficiency yields mixed results. On the other hand, local government is expected to manage higher financial resources in high-income country with a potential reduction of incentives to reach efficiency Da Cruz and Marques, 2014;De Borger et al.
Università degli Studi di Torino, working paper. We compare the comprehensive efficiency scores of 202 local governments in the Czech Republic in the transition period of 1995-1998 and the post-transition period of 2005-2008 and identify the period-specific determinants of local government efficiency. Solé-Ollé and Bosch 2005 estimate a piecewise linear function for municipalities in Spain and find that the optimal size lies around 5000 inhabitants. As will be seen in the following subsections, studies measuring the technical or cost efficiency of governments have so far mainly focused on particular areas of the public sector; efficiency studies which examine the global performance of single local governments or whole countries have, in contrast, attracted far less attention in the past. He has published in the fields of local public finance, voter behavior, behavioral public economics, and fiscal federalism. Cazals, Catherine, Florens, Jean-Pierre, Simar, Léopold. General contact details of provider:.
Alexander Kalb applies advanced and novel econometric as well as linear programming techniques to investigate the sources of potential inefficiencies for local governments in Germany. It also finds that sub-regions with the weakest initial levels of efficiency converged the most post crisis. In this paper we analyze the reasons for this development - from a legal and institutional perspective on the one hand, and from an economic perspective on the other hand. Public Sector Efficiency Kalb Alex Ander can be very useful guide, and public sector efficiency kalb alex ander play an important role in your products. In addition, the volume of the subsidy programmes — when available — is quantified for each country, too. Still, weak fiscal autonomy can undermine voters' interest in and demand for an efficient production of public services. In addition to the decision on the life cycle focus, a strategy of education finance should identify the most promising instruments in each stage of the life cycle.
Finally, the paper finds that regional disparities in the productivity of public services have narrowed, especially in the education and health sectors, with education attainment, population density, private spending on high school education and class size being to be the most important factors explaining sub-regional variation since 2003. This allows to link your profile to this item. Sydney: Australian National University Press. These sub-regional changes in public sector efficiency are associated with changes in labor productivity. Crucially, however, this efficiency-enhancing effect of voter involvement is significantly positively affected by local governments' fiscal autonomy. First, private per student expenditures for education increase with gross national products.
He uncovers socio-economic, fiscal and political sources of inefficiencies. In recent years, the Federal Government has taken several steps to relieve municipalities of social expenditure 252 Gröpl et al. In our analysis of European bond spreads, we shed light on this issue by employing several types of stability preference related proxies. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about. The E-mail message field is required. Despite the growth in the use of internet and email, at least for the foreseeable future conventional mail will remain essential to the way public bodies communicate with the public.
Finally, he makes recommendations how these inefficiencies in the provision of public goods and services can be reduced in the future. He uncovers socio-economic, fiscal and political sources of inefficiencies. Her academic research interests include local public finance, efficiency analysis, and fiscal federalism. Yet, the interaction of stability preferences and rules points to a particular potential of fiscal rules in countries with a historically low stability culture. The result demonstrates that a not fully credible no-bailout commitment can entail high costs for the potential guarantor. First, many of the Swiss cantons have adopted strong fiscal rules. Estimation of a demand model of administration added political structure shows strong empirical correlations between types of coalition governments and socialist controlled governments and the level of administrative spending.
Finally, he makes recommendations how these inefficiencies in the provision of public goods and services can be reduced in the future. By examining the welfare properties of the possible outcomes, we are able to illuminate situations in which policies that seek to constrain the public sector may or may not improve economic efficiency. In addition, we investigate how the introduction of the doubly-entry bookkeeping in the municipalities affects the improper use of short-term liquidity credits. We find overall empirical support for all of them, although the incidence of financial and political aspects varies substantially between industrial and non-industrial economies. Copenhagen, Denmark: Korea Institute of Public Finance and Danish Ministry of Interior and Health. Annette Illy works at the Statistical Office for Rhineland-Palatinate, Bad Ems, Germany. Geys, Benny, Heinemann, Friedrich, Kalb, Alexander.
Author by : Kevin J. You can help adding them by using. Efficiency in the Public Sector is divided into two sections. For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Chris Longhurst. This development suggests that this debt instrument has been diverted from its original purpose, namely as an instrument of bridging short-run liquidity shortfalls. Alexander Kalb applies advanced and novel econometric as well as linear programming techniques to investigate the sources of potential inefficiencies for local governments in Germany.