In this paper we argue that there is no compelling evidence to support either of the first two hypotheses. This effect occurs both when the target language employs a less marked setting than the native language and when the target language setting is more marked than that of the native language. We raise the possibility that differences in first and second language acquisition pertaining to both attainment of the end-state and course of development may derive from differences in selection procedures. The spine may show signs of wear. The authors tackle the same basic question using a variety of methodologies and using different aspects of language. New York: Cambridge University Press. Schwartz 4 The Strong Continuity Hypothesis: Some Evidence Concerning Functional Categories in Adult L2 Acquisition 61 18 Samuel D.
Lillo-Martin, The Acquisition of English by Deaf Signers: Is Universal Grammar Involved? These findings support the claim of the Interface Hypothesis that these two interfaces remain 'problematic' for L2 learners. Regular-Irregular Noun Plurals in English. The goal of this dissertation is to investigate what components of Russian aspect L2 learners with English as a first language L1 are able or unable to acquire and to establish whether English speakers learning Russian can acquire native-like competence with respect to the morphosyntax of Russian aspect. Please use these page numbers when citing this work. Epstein, Suzanne Flynn, and Gita Marthohardjono -- Functional categories in L2 acquisition : homegrown or imported? The results of both experiments were largely consistent with the hypothesis. The vast majority of work in theoretical linguistics from a generative perspective is based on first language acquisition and performance.
Beyond Pluralization: Inversion and Noun Modification in Kiowa. Part I: Noun Pluralization, or How to Talk About More than Two Dogs in Kiowa. It seems probable that an explicit model of the way s processing routines are applied in acquisition would help solve some central problems of grammar acquisition, since these routines regulate the application of grammatical knowledge to novel inputs. New York: Oxford University Press. The book is organized into four sections, each of which contains three or four studies and a commentary, except for the last section, phonology, which, for unexplained reasons, has no commentary. Spine creases, wear to binding and pages from reading. The vast majority of work on second language acquisition is carried out by scholars and educators working within approaches other than that of generative linguistics.
She is the former editor-in-chief of the journal. This paper argues that to speak in terms of the Critical Period Hypothesis is misleading, since there is a vast amount of variation in the way in which the critical period for language acquisition is understood - affecting all the parameters deemed to be theoretically significant and indeed also relating to the ways in which the purported critical period is interpreted in terms of its implications for L2 instruction. Further Issues in Acquisition Theory. Thus their peripheral role in accounts of language development may reflect accidental factors, rather than any inherent fuzziness or irrelevance to the language acquisition problem. Archibald, Metrical Parameters and Lexical Dependency: Acquiring L2 Stress. His publications include The Generative Study of Second Language Acquisition edited with Suzanne Flynn and Gita Martohardjono, 1998 and Image, Language, Brain edited with Alec Marantz and Yasushi Miyashita, 2000.
Both these areas are ones for which multi-valued parameters have been posited to account for the range of variation across natural languages. In the experimental part of this dissertation, I report on two studies that tested the acquisition of aspect. A third diagnostic for innateness, early emergence, is the focus of the second section of the paper, in which linguistic theory is tested against recent experimental evidence on children's acquisition of syntax. Selon la littérature pédagogique, l'acquisition de l'aspect en russe comme langue seconde L2 reste souvent sans succès. Martohardjono, The Strong Continuity Hypothesis: Some Evidence Concerning Functional Categories in Adult L2 Acquisition.
Georgetown University Roundtable on Languages and Linguistics 1993: Educational linguistics, crosscultural communication, and global interdependence pp. The Early Grammar of English G1. Additionally, how and why particular features of some speakers spread to a whole population or to parts thereof , whereas others do not, must be accounted for. Possible ex library copy, thatâll have the markings and stickers associated from the library. It is argued that, given the relativized X-bar theory proposed in Fukui 1986, it is possible to derive many of the differences from a single fundamental difference between the two languages, i. Epstein Suzanne Flynn Gita Martohardjono 5 Functional Categories in L2 Acquisition: Homegrown or Imported? La première expérience teste, à l'aide d'une tâche de jugement de vérité, la performance de 41 apprenants de la L2 à des niveaux de maîtrise différents et 10 sujets témoins russes. Her research focuses on what first language acquisition of can tell us about and how the human mind comes prepared to learn language.
The paper concludes that the very fact that there are such diverse and competing versions of the Critical Period Hypothesis of itself undermines its plausibility. Gair, Functional Categories in L2 Acquisition: Homegrown or Imported? Noun Pluralization: Morphology Meets Syntax and Meaning. Consistent with colonial socioeconomic history, the gradual emergence of creoles suggests a complex evolution that cannot be accounted for with simplistic invocations of either interlanguage or relexification. The study reported in this paper examined the effect of second language L2 experience on the production of L2 vowels for which acoustic counterparts are either present or absent in the first language L1. For example, it has been proposed that research could inform language teaching by identifying when the parameter settings for an L1 and an L2 are the same and when they are different.
Principles are general guidelines as to what is possible in a human language and what is not. Parameters are sets of possibilities that one has to set for each language. Additional results show that while purely morphosyntactic properties of Russian aspect are acquirable without any apparent difficulties, L2 learners experience difficulties with aspectual properties that involve the lexicon-syntax and syntax-pragmatics interfaces. The book is for undergraduate and graduate students in linguistics, education, and psychology. Une autre différence entre l'anglais et le russe est qu'ils transmettent l'interprétation des formes du présent des verbes non-statifs 'simples' de manières différentes.
Des résultats supplémentaires montrent que, tandis que les propriétés purement morphosyntaxtiques de l'aspect en russe peuvent être acquises sans difficultés apparentes, les apprenants de L2 ont de la difficulté avec les propriétés aspectuelles qui impliquent les interfaces lexique-syntaxe et syntaxe-pragmatique. On Thinking Linguistically: Looking Back and Looking Ahead. Theta-Roles in Prepositions in English. It is argued that, in each case, one or more of nine limitations or design flaws means that the findings are, in fact, unproblematic for at least some of those claims. Noun Pluralization: The Role of Phonology.